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How does the length of the wing and width affect how a plane flies?
The ratio of the length of wings to their width is called aspect ratio. A high aspect ratio indicates long, narrow wings. A low aspect ratio indicates short, wide wings.
Aspect ratio = wing length (m)/wing width (m). Generally, high aspect ratio wings give slightly more lift and enable sustained, endurance flight, while low aspect ratio wings are best for swift maneuverability.