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Why is gravity 9.81?
Gravity (or the acceleration due to gravity) is 9.81 meters per second squared, on the surface of Earth, because of the size of Earth and the distance we are on its surface from its center. "9.81 meters per second squared" means that objects on Earth will accelerate (or go faster) 9.81 meters every second, if they are in free fall, due to the pull of gravity. Throughout space, gravity actually is constant. It is the acceleration due to gravity that changes and that is what we are talking about when we say gravity is 9.81 meters per second squared.